- THE 1ST APRM COUNTRY REVIEW OF KENYA
Kenya was first Peer reviewed in 2006 and complimented on several fronts:-
- Highly efficient tax collection system (enabling the Government to finance over 90% of its budget);
- Low Aid Dependency;
- Effective MTEF Process (3 year Budgetary system);
- Democracy/Openness (Expansion of democratic space through a vibrant media and robust civil society);
- High degree of human rights and political freedom;
- Openness and frankness in debating corruption both in print and electronic media;
- Significant progress in the development of codes of Good Corporate Governance;
- Introduction of universal free primary education-dramatically increasing enrolment levels;
- Introduction of Results-Based Management approach in the public sector.
However, some key Overarching Issues identified, that the country needed to address included:
- Managing diversity in Nation building
- Constitutional Reform and Consensus Building
- Poverty and Wealth Distribution
- Gender Inequality
- Youth Unemployment; and
- Transformative Leadership
Note: Most of the above Issues became Pillars of Agenda 4 Reforms.
- THE 2ND APRM COUNTRY REVIEW
Kenya was the first country to undergo the second-generation review in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia in January 2017.
The Second Country Review Report of 2017 highlighted the following milestones achieved in Kenya.
- The promulgation of the constitution of Kenya in 2010.
- Establishment of the devolved system of government (County Governments) which has progressively resolved issues of perceived marginalization
- Establishment of constitutional commissions and independent offices.
- The establishment of various empowerment funds notably Women Enterprise Fund, Youth Enterprise Development Fund and the Uwezo Fund.
- Establishment of Huduma centre Kenya, as a One Stop Shop for public service delivery platforms.
The Report also identified the following challenges;
- Implementation of the two –thirds gender rule
- National Security and Terrorism
- Containing the overall cost of the devolved system and ballooning wage bill
- Diversity management for national unity
- Corruption and the quest for transformative leadership
- Poverty and inequality